Centre of attraction
Located on the island of Tierra del Fuego at a latitude of 54° 46’, Ushuaia is the city in the world that lies the furthest to the south. Its name is derived from the Yamana language and means “by facing the sunset”. The city’s privileged geographical location make it a natural gateway to the Antarctic while the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean and Cape Horn, the legendary graveyard of hundreds of ships who sought to defy its gigantic waves, are also accessible from its shores. Before the Panama Canal was opened, any ship wishing to pass from one ocean to the other had no choice but to negotiate the cape.
Tierra del Fuego and Ushuaia in particular have long been associated with Atlantic exploration, both as a port of call for obtaining fresh supplies of coal and food and due to the scientific and navigational assistance provided by the Magnetic Observatory and the “Lighthouse at the End of the World”, the last light seen by sailors on the South Atlantic before plunging into the dark Antarctic nights.
Situated on the banks of the Beagle Channel against the backdrop of the Martial mountains, Ushuaia is a picturesque city with unspoilt natural surroundings and a breathtaking landscape just a few minutes from the small but burgeoning city centre. With its 70,000 inhabitants, Ushuaia has become a tourist attraction, particularly between December and February when dozens of international cruise liners dock at its port. Even the city’s sub-zero temperatures in winter are no deterrent to visitors, who come to roam its beautiful surroundings, particularly the Tierra del Fuego national park, to climb the Martial glacier or to sail the Beagle Channel.